Day 1 :
Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine, USA
Time : 09:00-09:40
Dr. Edward Laskowski is Co-Director of Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine and a Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He has contributed hundreds of articles to various publications, scientific journals, and media on rehabilitation, sports and fitness topics. Dr. Laskowski was appointed to the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports in 2006. At the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, he served on the medical staff at the Olympic Polyclinic. He is the editor of the Fitness Healthy Lifestyle Center on mayoclinc.org. He also has been chosen by fellow physicians in the United States as one of the "Best Doctors in America" for the last seventeen years.
Significant research has been performed on the effects of exercise for the reduction of body weight, with most studies indicating that exercise alone has a small effect on body weight reduction independent of caloric restriction. When combined with dietary restriction, however, exercise has a synergistic effect and enhances weight loss beyond the effect of diet alone. Increased sitting time has been found to be an independent risk factor for the development of metabolic risk factors. Exercise also has been shown to have significant beneficial effects on cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors independent of actual weight loss, and genetic factors related to obesity have been found to be positively modified when individuals incorporate physical activity into their lifestyle. High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) is a viable training modality that appears to be efficient and effective in diverse populations, including those with Type 2 DM, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. Research shows that HIIT leads to similar, and in some cases, better improvements in less time for some physiologic markers. Incorporating HIIT (with appropriate intensity, frequency, and progression) into a training program can enhance compliance and provide a time efficient, enjoyable way to reach goals. Strength training independent of aerobic exercise has not been shown to produce additional weight loss compared to calorie restriction alone, but does increase lean muscle and produce beneficial metabolic changes. There is a paradigm shift regarding combating harmful effects of obesity towards getting patients active, rather than just losing weight.
- Obesity | Weight Management | Control of Obesity | Obesity during Pregnancy
United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, UAE
Title: A Review of a Holistic Health Intervention for Improving the Health Status of Obese National Service Recruits
Time : 9:40-10:05
Deborah Allen has been working as Head of Dietetics for the UAE Armed Forces within the Physical Readiness Department since 2008, and is currently heading up the Nutrition and Dietetic program for the UAE Armed Forces National Service. Deborah is a UK educated and registered Dietitian with a bachelor’s degree in sport science and biology, a Masters degree in Human Nutrition and a PGdip in Dietetics. Deborah has worked for renowned academic institutions including Deakin University, Australia and Trinity College, Dublin where she has been involved in a number of international research projects. She has also worked as an emergency nutritionist for a charity in Africa.
A systematic analysis of global obesity estimated the UAE’s obesity prevalence at 12.2% for males less than 20 years of age and 27.1% for males aged 20 years and above (Ng et al. 2014, Lancet, 384, 766-781). More recently, evidence has suggested that obesity rates of schoolchildren in the UAE are also rising at an alarming rate (Al Blooshi et al. 2016, Obesity Science and Practice, 2, 196-202), and that these increases are likely to continue into early adulthood. Given these trends and considering that National Service is compulsory, it is not surprising that up to 30.0% of males enrolling into their military service are considered obese. In attempts to reduce this figure, and to provide holistic support to these individuals, National Service implemented health centres that aid the streamlining of recruits into tailored programmes that include specific dietary, physical training and educational elements. National Service Recruits (age: 22.4 ± 4.4 yrs, n=5749) with a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 30.0 kg•m2 had their anthropometry measures taken at the beginning and end of initial training. Over the course of a 15 week period significant changes were noted for their body mass (T1 = 110.7 ± 17.7, T2 = 94.2 ± 15.19 kg; t=222.1, P<.001), BMI (T1 = 37.3 ± 5.3, T2 = 37.8 ± 4.6 kg•m2; t=230.3, P<.001), and waist-to-height ratio (T1 = 0.66 ± 0.07, T2 = 0.57 ± 0.77 Waist [cm ] / Height [cm]) t=131.8, P<.001).
RA Consulting, Belgium
Time : 10:05-10:30
Charles University Prague, Czech Republic
Time : 11:00-11:25
Prof.Dr.Václav Bunc, PhD graduated from Technical University Prague 1970, applied physics, 1970-1973 research worker in Tesla VUST A.S.Popova Prague, 1973-1975 PhD study on Technical University Prague, from 1975 until now Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Charles University, PhD earned from Technical University Prague in Applied Physics, senior scientific worker, Ass.Prof. 1993, Prof. 1998 - Exercise Physiology
The present is characterized by the increasing movement deficiency leading to severe complications, including medical. Basic health concern is the rise in overweight and obesity. The reason is the mismatch of energy intake to its output. Energy expenditure in the last two decades of stagnating or even declining, output dropped significantly. Realized volume of physical activity during this period decreased by about 30%. In children, the regular realization of physical activities clearly depends on the form and method of the offer. The classic movement activity currently are not sufficiently interesting for children and, therefore, it is necessary to search for new forms and methods of the offer. To such activities it clearly belongs to outdoor activity. The effect of exercise intervention using outdoor activities (walking, cycling, outdoor games, inline skating, etc.) was studied in 135 girls 151 boys overweight or obese at the age of 6-14 years (mean age was 11.6 ± 3.6 year, body mass was at least 90 percentiles of the population norms). The exercise program was at least 5.5 kcal.kg-1.day-1. Applied intervention increased exercise regimen at least 30% and caused significant body mass loss (13.8 ± 2.8 % of initial body mass in boys and 14.0 ± 2.9 % in girls). Body mass decrease expressed as a percentage of initial value was independent of age and sex and was directly proportional to the energy content of the imposed movement training. Outdoor activities that respect individual interests and physical experience are able to significantly reduce overweight and obesity in children aged 6-14 years
Community Nutrition Department- Tawam Hospital, UAE
Title: Eating frequency and lactation in relation to changes in body weight and body fat during the first 12 months postpartum. Aprospective observational study
Time : 11:25-11:50
Aisha Almulla has completed her bachelor and master degree from the University of Gothenburg , Sweden in the clinical nutrition and dietitic field in 2014. She is a regesteried dietitian working in Tawam hospital in the Community Nutrition Department dealing with patients and conducting researches in the nutrition field. She is a member in the American Sociaty for Nutrition and the Swedish Association of Clinical Dieticians and the United Arab Emirates nutrition group
Introduction: There are many factors that are related to postpartum weight retention such as pre-pregnancy weight, breastfeeding, physical activity level (PAL) and total energy intake (EI). Studies investigating maternal eating frequency (EF) postpartum and its relation to body weight (BW) and body fat (BF) are limited. Objectives: To examine if there are relationships between maternal EF, lactation and changes in BW and BF from 2 weeks to 12 months postpartum. And to investigate if there is a difference in maternal EF in relation to lactation behavior, or changes over time in BW, BF, Body Mass Index (BMI), PAL, EF and EI depending on lactation duration. Methods: 83 postpartum healthy women (25-40 years) from Gothenburg were included. Study visits were at 2 weeks, 4 months and 12 months postpartum. At all time points,BW and BF were measured and data from four-day diet records were used to determine EF at each time point.Women were also classified in accordance with their lactation behavior and duration at 4 months postpartum. Results: There was a significant increase in BW from estimated pre-pregnancy BW to 4 months postpartum within all lactation duration groups. A significant reduction in BW, BF and a significant increase in PAL was shown from 2 weeks to 12 months postpartum only among those who breastfed longer than 4 months. EI was higher at 4 and 12 months postpartum, among those who breastfed longer than 4 months. There were no significant relationships between EF at 4, and 12 months postpartum, respectively,and changes in BW and BF. There were significant positive relationships between EF and EI both at 4 and 12 months postpartum. EF at 4 months postpartum was significantly higher in the full breastfeeding group compared to the no breastfeeding group.Conclusion: Changes in BW and BF postpartum are related to factors such as lactation behavior and duration, PAL and total EI, but the relation to maternal EF is still unclear.
Currently, Ghufran Jassim is a full time senior lecturer at Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland- Bahrain. Her research interests are child and women health, breast cancer, non-communicable diseases, quality of life and evidence based medicine. She has published many articles in International peer reviewed journals and presented in many international and local conferences. She graduated in medicine from Arabian Gulf University in Bahrain. She was trained as a family physician and completed the Arab Board and Irish Board in family medicine.
Background: Lifestyle habits of physicians are of paramount importance both because they influence the physician’s own health and because these habits have been shown to affect patients’ care. Methods: In a cross-sectional study design, an anonymous self-administered questionnaire that assesses wellbeing and lifestyle habits was distributed to a random sample of 175 out of 320 primary health care physicians in Bahrain. Descriptive analyses were performed, and the variables were cross-tabulated using SPSS version 20.0. Results: 152 physicians agreed to participate in the study. Respondents were 67.1 % female with a mean age of 45 (SD = 10). The majority were of Bahraini nationality. The most prevalent reported health conditions were hyperlipidaemia (25.5 %), hypertension (20.3 %), and diabetes (11.0 %). Only 29.6 % of physicians reported performing ≥ 30 min of exercise in a usual week. Of physicians exercising ≥ 30 min weekly, only 13 % exercised ≥5 days weekly. 98.0 % report never drinking, 1.3 % report previously drinking, and 0.7 % report drinking less than once weekly. The average body mass index (BMI) was 27.8 (SD = 5), with 39 % of physicians being overweight and 33 % obese. BMI was directly associated with sleep time (P0.027, r2 = 0.034), age (P < 0.01, r2 = 0.179), male gender (P = 0.031,r2=0.054), and a known diagnosis of hypertension (P = 0.007, r2 = 0.079) or hyperlipidaemia (P = 0.008, r2 = 0.088). Conclusions: There is a clear pattern of unfavourable lifestyle habits and obesity among primary health care physicians in Bahrain. We encourage institutions and public health sectors to be more proactive in assisting physicians to attain healthier lifestyles.
Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Nigeria
Title: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in public and private school in two senatorial districts of Osun State, Nigeria
Time : 12:15-12:40
Akinola O.O.has is Master degree at age of 34 years from University of Ibadan, Oyo sate Nigeria. He is current Head of Department, Nutrition and Dietetics, Federal Polytechnic, Ede Osun State> He has published more than 5 papers in reputed Journals and he is vice president Institute of Dietetics in Nigeria Osun State chapter
Obesity is the most serious long term health problem currently facing adolescents and its prevalence increasing worldwide including developing countries. Cross sectional study was carried out among age 11-19 years in both public and private school in urban area of the state. The data was collected using pretest self-administered questionnaire, Anthropometric measurement was also used to examine their nutritional status. Obesity status were determined using BMI cut off point, the overweight was found to be 3.06% among female and 0.6% among male whereas prevalence of obesity was 0.46% in female and non among male. 62.6% snack daily, fruit consumption pattern was low 0.6% and 43.7% spend between 4-5 hours watching television daily after school. Positive association exists between the lifestyle and nutritional status of the respondents. Education effort to improve nutrition knowledge can be incorporated into course curriculum and focus on various components within the system when implementing preventive measure on obesity.
King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Saudi Arabia
Title: Diagnostic Accuracy of Body Mass Index (BMI) to Identify Obesity in Saudi Adult Population in a Community Based Setting
Time : 12:40-13:05
Dr. Muath Alammar has completed his bacholar degree at the age of 25 years from Qassim University, School of Medicine. Currently he is a senior and cheif residents at King Faisal Spicialist Hospital & Research Center and a Teaching Assistant in School of Medicine at Shaqra University.
Background: The prevalence of obesity in Saudi Arabia is high. This is the first Saudi study aiming to investigate the accuracy of body mass index (BMI) to diagnose obesity among the Saudi population using body fat percentage as the gold standard. Accurate obesity diagnosis is important for the management of patients who are at most risk of obesity and its complications. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study including a calculated sample size of 942 subjects who visited the Family Medicine clinics at KFSH&RC from January 2005 to March 2016 and did DEXA scan. DEXA scan was used to estimate body fat percentage (BF%). The diagnostic accuracy of BMI was assessed by using the World Health Organization and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology reference standard for obesity of BF% > 25% in men and > 35% for women. Results: BMI-defined obesity (≥ 30 kg/m2) was present in 28.7% of men and 53.1% of women, while BF%-defined obesity was present in 83.9% and 97.3%, of males and females respectively which correspond to BMI 24. Even if we consider the highest acceptable range of BF% (33% for men and 43% for women) the highest acceptable BMI cut-off to diagnose obesity should not exceed 27 for both genders. Conclusion: Despite the use of the highest acceptable range of BF%, the diagnostic accuracy of BMI 30 to diagnose obesity is limited. This emphasize the need to lower the BMI cut-off used for obesity diagnose among the Saudi population.
- Obesity and Cancer | Endocrinal and Hormonal Obesity | Clinical Research and Interventions | Consequences of Obesity | Genetics of Obesity
Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Time : 14:05-14:30
Dr. Waly has received his Ph.D. from the Northeastern University in Biomedical Sciences in 2003 and is now an Associate Professor in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition at the College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University. He has been working in the area of Nutritional Biochemistry for the past 13 years and his research interest focuses on understanding the metabolic aspects of oxidative stress in relation to non-communicable diseases. Dr. Waly's reserach has resulted in identifying mechanisms of hyperhomocysteinemia-mediated oxidative stress using experimental models, and establishing a network of research activities with international collaborators.
Background: Clinical trials continue to support the notion that colorectal cancer (CRC) is a lifestyle-related syndrome in which obesity is a cofactor. Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of both CRC and obesity, and it has been postulated that B vitamins (folate, vitamins B6 and B12) deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia are the main metabolic stressors of oxidative stress-associated CRC and obesity. Objective: The current study was attempted to identify metabolic stressors that synergize with obesity in the etiology of CRC. Subjects and Methods: A cross sectional study included 100 of newly diagnosed male CRC patients and they were all obese based on their body mass index ( BMI kg/m2). The retrospective dietary intake of all study subjects was estimated using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, and fasting blood samples were drawn to assess their serum levels of B-vitamins, homocysteine (HCY), and glutathione. Results: It was observed that they had a lower dietary intake of B-vitamins as compared to the corresponding recommended dietary allowances. Biochemical analyses revealed depletion of glutathione, low serum levels of B viatmins and an elevation in the serum levels of HCY. Conclusion: Our results suggest that low intake of B-vitamins is associated with hyperhomocysteinemia that reults in oxidative stress in the enrolled study subjects. Measurement of serum HCY and gluathione are recommended to be used as metabolic stressors biomarkers in clinical practice for early diagnosis and screening of CRC.
Banaras Hindu University, India
Time : 14:30-15:55
Shabana Anjum has completed her PhD in 2015 from Banaras Hindu University. She has published 5 papers and book chapters in reputed international journals and has been awarded in national conference on society for reproductive biology and comparative endocrinology. She has presented many papers in national and international conference.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the roles of RFamide related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) a novel hypothalamic neuropeptide, as an endocrine link between increasing adiposity and impaired testicular function in mice. To achieve this, the effect of RFRP-3 on changes in nutrients uptake and hormonal synthesis/action in the adipose tissue and testis was investigated simultaneously by in vivo study and separately by in vitro study. Mice were treated in vivo with different doses of RFRP-3 for 8 days. In the in vitro study, adipose tissue and testes of mice were cultured with different doses of RFRP-3 with or without insulin or LH for 24 h at 370C. The RFRP-3 treatment in vivo showed increased food intake, up-regulation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and increased uptake of triglycerides in the adipose tissue. These changes may be responsible for increased accumulation of fat into white adipose tissue, resulted in increase in the body mass. On the contrary to the adipose tissue, treatment with RFRP-3 both in vivo and in vitro showed decreased uptake of glucose by down-regulation of glucose transporter 8 (GLUT8) expressions in the testes, which in turn resulted in the decreased synthesis of testosterone. The RFRP-3 treatment in vivo also showed the decreased expression of insulin receptor protein in the testis which may also be responsible for the decreased testicular activity in the mice. These findings thus suggest that RFRP-3 increases the uptake of glucose and triglycerides in the adipose tissue resulting in increased accumulation of fat, whereas simultaneously in the testis RFRP-3 suppressed the GLUT8 mediated glucose uptake, which in turn may be responsible for decreased testosterone synthesis. This study thus demonstrates RFRP-3 as mediator of increasing adiposity and impaired testicular function in mice and may be use as therapeutic agent for male infertility.
North West University, Republic of South Africa
Title: Effect of oleanolic acid on mitochondrial biogenesis of C2C12 cells with fructose-induced obesity
Time : 14:55-15:20
A PhD candidate in Biochemistry lab in the department of Biological Sciences. Has read his Master of Science in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in Huazong Normal University in the republic of China in 2012. Has been working at the University of Botswana as Medical Scientist lecturer in the faculty of Medicine in the republic of Botswana before perusing doctoral studies.
Obesity has become the recent times prevailing phenomenon which has serious implications on human health. This is a process where the body accumulates fats due to factors such as genetics, diet and physical inactivity. Mitochondria are very important organelles for cellular metabolism and function through regulation of energy production. Mitochondria are often called the "powerhouses" or "energy factories" of a cell because they are in charge of making adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell's main energy-carrying molecule. Therefore, mitochondria play important role in energy metabolism, signaling and apoptosis and the alterations of mitochondria may add to the development of metabolic disorders such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and cardiovascular related diseases. So the statistics shows that there is great intake of fructose which leads to –obesity across the world. Oleanolic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid complex which has many pharmacological activities, such as hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. However, there is limited information about direct influence of oleanolic acid on mechanism of antidiabetic activity of oleanolic acid. The morphological changes, differentiation marker genes were examined through RT-qPCR, Western blot analysis, ChIP assay and enzymatic assay. In this study, we showed that oleanolic acid increased the expression of CPT-1, ACC-2, NRF-1 and MEF2A genes which plays a vital role in alleviating fatty acids deposition consequently reducing obesity. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids were highly expressed.
TIKRIT UNIVERSITY, IRAQ
Title: Effect of Probiotic Consumption in the Level Of PEP-TIDE YY, GHRELIN Hormone And Body Weight In Iraqi Obese Female
Time : 15:20-15:45
Fakhri alajeeli is currently working as an Asst.prof. in college of science /TIKRIT UNIVERSITY. He had completed PhD in Human Biology from TIKRIT UNIVERSITY in 2016 –Iraq and Master degree in April 2013 Baghdad University.
Background: Several evidences indicate that gut microbiota is in-volved in the control of host energy metabolism. Objective: To evalu-ate the change of body weight and hormone level after consumption of probiotics for 8 weeks. Methods: 40 healthy obese female age be-tween (20-50) years and BMI ≥30 (kg/cm) was participated in this study, there were divided in two groups, group 1(G1) consumed probi-otics and group 2 (G2) was consumed placebo for 8 weeks, the two groups was used same diet with (1200) kcal. the body weight was determined at the first of study and after 8 weeks, the level of ghrelin and peptide YY was de-terminated by using ELISA technology. Result: the study show significant effect of probiotic on the peptide YY hormone level and showed positive correlation with body weight. The study showed highly significant difference in the level of peptide YY hormone, the peptide YY hormone level was increased in the G1 from (33.7) to (49.5) with (p- 0.0001) compared with G2 which showed decreasing by 1.4% from (33.62) to (32.62). The study showed sig-nificant difference between two groups in the level of ghrelin, G1 it was decreased from (6.67) to (2.17) but in the G2 increased from (5.87) to (7.0). Effect of probiotic on the body weight was study to determine the role of probiotic in weight reduction and the result showed difference between two groups. The group(G1) showed decrease (5.4%) 5.4 kg from (92.92) to (87.88) and G2 showed decreased 4.14% (3.4) kg from (91.28) to (87.5) but there was no significant difference between two groups. Conclusions: The study show positive effect of probiotics on the hormone level and body weight more study need to evaluated of probiotics effect on endocrine system.
UAE University, UAE
Title: Body Fat Percentage, BMI , Skinfold Thickness and Waist Circumfrance among Young Athletes in the United Arab Emirates
Time : 16:05-16:30
Seham M. AlRaish is pursuing her PhD study at the age of 31 years in United Arab Emirates University after she completed her master in Enviromental Sc. with master thesis title " Nutritional status, dietary habits, practises and knowledge and their relationship with performance among young athletes in the united arab emirates"and BSc. In Dietitics .She has published two poster presentation papers in reputed conferance.
Nutrition is a critical part of human health and development. However, overweight and obesity prevalence is rising worldwide, with associated obesity -related diseases. Body mass index (BMI) is an index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify weight category, the skinfold measurement method is the most widely used body fat composition testing method for assessing body fat percentage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of body weight, body fat and waist circumference, A cross-sectional study among 59 male soccer players aged 13-18 years recruited from Al Jazira Academic sports clubs in the United Arab Emirates were Body Mass Index (BMI)and body fat percentages calculated by different skinfold thickness and by body fat analyzer and waist circumference were calculated for each subject, WHO classification was used for defining the cut points. The results indicate that the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity were 1.69 %, 6.7 % and 0 % respectively while the healthy weight was 91.50%. The average mean body fat percentage measured by body fat analyser of the respondents were 16.46±3.28%. The mean body fat percentages calculated by different skinfold thickness were: Biceps 4.66±2.20 mm, Triceps 7.44±2.58mm, supra-iliac 7.55±2.94 mm, and subscapular 8.17±2.00 mm. skinfold reading for athletes fell into average for triceps was 55.91% and sub-scapular = 72.85%. Waist Circumference classification according to NCHS waist percentiles show 69.60 %, athletes fell into 5 th – 25th percentile and 26.80 % in 50 th and the rest were < 5th. Our findings could be used in obesity awareness promotion and nutrition education program as it show there are some athletes fell in unhealthy weight, skin fold and waist circumference category where they should be in optimal status comparing to others. However, further investigation about the determinants of obesity and body fat, including age, sex, race, nutrition, and changes over time, is needed.
Tanta University, Egypt
Title: Relationship between Overall and Abdominal Obesity and Periodontal Disease among Young Adults
Time : 16:30-16:55
Hatem El-sayed Amin has completed his PhD of Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry at 2001 and acquired the Professor Degree in 2013. He became the Course Director of Research Methodology in Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdelaziz University, KSA in 2005. Since 2013, he is the Head of Pedodontic , Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry Department in Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Egypt. He has published more than 30 papers in reputed journals and has been invited as a speaker in many international conferences. Now, he is serving as a reviewer member of many reputable journals.
Obesity as one of the most significant health risks of modern society, is now recognized a major health concern in both developed and developing countries. The prevalence of obesity is increasing at alarming rates reaching epidemic proportions particularly among children and young adults. Analyzing the effect of nutritional variables on gingival and periodontal health questions the role of obesity and overweight in periodontal disease pathogenesis. However, studies exploring the relationship between obesity and periodontal disease from developing countries with different eating habits and health behaviors are scarce.The objective of this study was to assess overall and abdominal obesity and their relation to periodontal disease among young adults. The sample comprised 380 young adults (170 males and 210 females) ranging from 20 to 26 years. Body mass index (BMI) and Waist circumference (WC) were measured to assess overall and abdominal obesity. Clinical attachment loss (CAL), gingival index (GI) and Community Periodontal Index (CPI) were measured. Results revealed a significant correlation between BMI & WC and CAL, GI & CPI in females. In males, a significant correlation was only recorded between WC and GI & CPI. It is concluded that overall and abdominal obesity of young adult females and abdominal obesity of males were significantly associated with periodontal disease.